Category Archives: Zend Framework

Combining Zend Framework2 and Symfony2 components with Composer to build PHP projects

Zend Framework 2 is finally stable. I must admit that I’m not a big fan of ZF (or even Symfony2) as a full stack framework. I normally prefer to use micro frameworks, but those two frameworks (ZF2 and SF2) are great as component libraries. Today we are going to build a simple console application (using symfony/console component) to list the database tables (using zendframework/zend-db‘s Metadata). Let’s start.

First we need our composer.json file. We can find our Symfony components at Packaist (that’s means we don’t need to do anything special in the composer.json file), but Zend Framework2 has its own repository. No problem, it’s properly described in the documentation:

{
    "repositories": [
        {
            "type": "composer",
            "url": "http://packages.zendframework.com/"
        }
    ],
    "require": {
        "symfony/console":"dev-master",
        "zendframework/zend-db":"2.0.*"
    },
    "autoload":{
        "psr-0":{
            "":"lib/"
        }
    }
}

Now we run composer install (as always) and we already have our components in vendor folder and the autoloader will properly include the files on demand. So we can work in our console application without any problem.

<?php
namespace GonzaloDb;

// file: lib/GonzaloDb/SchemeCommand.php

use Symfony\Component\Console\Command\Command;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Input\InputArgument;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Input\InputOption;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Input\InputInterface;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Output\OutputInterface;

use Zend\Db\Sql\Sql;
use Zend\Db\Adapter\Adapter;
use Zend\Db\Metadata\Metadata;

class SchemeCommand extends Command
{
    protected function configure()
    {
        $command = $this->setName('GonzaloDb:listTables')->setDescription('list all tables');
        $command->addArgument('host', InputArgument::REQUIRED, 'DB Host');
        $command->addArgument('port', InputArgument::REQUIRED, 'DB Port');
        $command->addArgument('database', InputArgument::REQUIRED, 'DB name');
        $command->addArgument('username', InputArgument::REQUIRED, 'Username');
        $command->addArgument('password', InputArgument::REQUIRED, 'Password');

        $command->addOption('listFields', NULL, InputOption::VALUE_NONE, 'list table Fields');
    }

    protected function execute(InputInterface $input, OutputInterface $output)
    {
        $adapterParameter = array(
            'driver'   => 'PDO_Pgsql',
            'host'     => $input->getArgument('host'),
            'port'     => $input->getArgument('port'),
            'database' => $input->getArgument('database'),
            'username' => $input->getArgument('username'),
            'password' => $input->getArgument('password')
        );

        $adapter = new Adapter($adapterParameter);

        $metadata   = new Metadata($adapter);
        $tableNames = $metadata->getTableNames();
        foreach ($tableNames as $tableName) {
            $output->writeln("Table: <info>$tableName</info>");
            if ($input->getOption('listFields')) {
                $table = $metadata->getTable($tableName);

                foreach ($table->getColumns() as $column) {
                    $output->writeln('  <comment>' . $column->getName() . '</comment> -> ' . $column->getDataType());
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

We also can use unit tests within console applications:

<?php

// file: tests/SchemeCommandTest.php
/*
CREATE TABLE users(
  userid character varying(50),
  name character varying(100),
  email character varying(50),
    CONSTRAINT users_pkey PRIMARY KEY (userid)
);
 */
use Symfony\Component\Console\Application;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Tester\CommandTester;
use GonzaloDb\SchemeCommand;

class SchemeCommandTest extends \PHPUnit_Framework_TestCase
{
    private $command;

    public function setUp()
    {
        $application = new Application();
        $application->add(new SchemeCommand());

        $this->command = $application->find('GonzaloDb:listTables');
    }

    public function testListTables()
    {
        $commandTester = new CommandTester($this->command);
        $commandTester->execute(
            array(
                 'command'  => $this->command->getName(),
                 'host'     => '127.0.0.1',
                 'port'     => 5432,
                 'database' => 'mydb',
                 'username' => 'username',
                 'password' => 'password',
            )
        );
        $this->assertRegExp('/Table: users/', $commandTester->getDisplay());
        $this->assertNotRegExp('/name -> character varying/', $commandTester->getDisplay());
    }

    public function testListTablesAndFields()
    {
        $commandTester = new CommandTester($this->command);
        $commandTester->execute(
            array(
                 'command'      => $this->command->getName(),
                 'host'         => '127.0.0.1',
                 'port'         => 5432,
                 'database'     => 'mydb',
                 'username'     => 'username',
                 'password'     => 'password',
                 '--listFields' => TRUE
            )
        );
        $this->assertRegExp('/Table: users/', $commandTester->getDisplay());
        $this->assertRegExp('/name -> character varying/', $commandTester->getDisplay());
    }
}

And that’s all. Zend Framework2 increases or toolbox as developers and with the power of Composer we can start building applications very fast. I like it :)

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