Playing with HTML5. Building a simple pool of WebWokers


Today I’m playing with the HTML5’s WebWorkers. Since our JavaScript code runs within a single thread in our WebBrowser, heavy scripts can lock the execution of our code. HTML5 gives us one tool called WebWorkers to allow us to run different threads within our Application.

Today I’m playing with one small example (that’s just an experiment). I want to create a pool of WebWebworkers and use them as a simple queue.
The usage of the library is similar than the usage of WebWorkers. The following code shows how to start the pool with 10 instances of our worker “js/worker.js”

    // new worker pool with 10 instances of the worker
    var pool = new WorkerPool('js/worker.js', 10);

    // register callback to worker's onmessage event
    pool.registerOnMessage(function (e) {
        console.log("Received (from worker): ", e.data);
    });

“js/worker.js” is a standard WebWorker. In this example our worker perform XHR request to a API server (in this case one Silex application)

importScripts('ajax.js');

self.addEventListener('message', function (e) {
    var data = e.data;

    switch (data.method) {
        case 'GET':
            getRequest(data.resource, function(xhr) {
                self.postMessage({status: xhr.status, responseText: xhr.responseText});
            });
            break;
    }
}, false);

WebWorkers runs in different scope than a traditional browser application. Not all JavaScript objects are available in the webworker scpope. For example we cannot access to “window” and DOM elements, but we can use XMLHttpRequest. In our experimente we’re going to preform XHR requests from the webworker.

The library creates a queue with the variable number of workers:

var WorkerPool;

WorkerPool = (function () {
    var pool = {};
    var poolIds = [];

    function WorkerPool(worker, numberOfWorkers) {
        this.worker = worker;
        this.numberOfWorkers = numberOfWorkers;

        for (var i = 0; i < this.numberOfWorkers; i++) {
            poolIds.push(i);
            var myWorker = new Worker(worker);

            +function (i) {
                myWorker.addEventListener('message', function (e) {
                    var data = e.data;
                    console.log("Worker #" + i + " finished. status: " + data.status);
                    pool[i].status = true;
                    poolIds.push(i);
                });
            }(i);

            pool[i] = {status: true, worker: myWorker};
        }

        this.getFreeWorkerId = function (callback) {
            if (poolIds.length > 0) {
                return callback(poolIds.pop());
            } else {
                var that = this;
                setTimeout(function () {
                    that.getFreeWorkerId(callback);
                }, 100);
            }
        }
    }

    WorkerPool.prototype.postMessage = function (data) {
        this.getFreeWorkerId(function (workerId) {
            pool[workerId].status = false;
            var worker = pool[workerId].worker;
            console.log("postMessage with worker #" + workerId);
            worker.postMessage(data);
        });
    };

    WorkerPool.prototype.registerOnMessage = function (callback) {
        for (var i = 0; i < this.numberOfWorkers; i++) {
            pool[i].worker.addEventListener('message', callback);
        }
    };

    WorkerPool.prototype.getFreeIds = function () {
        return poolIds;
    };

    return WorkerPool;
})();

The API server is a simple Silex application. This application also enables cross origin (CORS). You can read about it here.

use Silex\Application;
use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Request;
use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Response;

$app = new Application();

$app->get('/hello', function () use ($app) {
    error_log("GET /hello");
    sleep(2); // emulate slow process
    return $app->json(['method' => 'GET', 'response' => 'OK']);
});

$app->after(function (Request $request, Response $response) {
    $response->headers->set('Access-Control-Allow-Origin', '*');
});

$app->run();

You can see the whole code in my github account.

Here one small screencast to see the application in action.

Advertisements

About Gonzalo Ayuso

Web Architect. PHP, Python, Node, Angular, ionic, PostgreSQL, Linux, ... Always learning.

Posted on December 22, 2013, in HTML5, js, php, silex and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: