How to call shell programs as functions with PHP

I’m a big fan of Symfony’s Process Component. I’ve used intensively this component within a project and I noticed that I needed a wrapper to avoid to write again and again the same code. Suddenly a cool python library came to my head: sh. With python’s sh we can call any program as if it were a function:

from sh import ifconfig


wlan0   Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:00:00:00:00:00
        inet addr:  Bcast:  Mask:
        inet6 addr: ffff::ffff:ffff:ffff:fff/64 Scope:Link
        RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
        TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
        collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
        RX bytes:0 (0 GB)  TX bytes:0 (0 GB)

So I decided to develop something similar in PHP. This library is not exactly the same than python one. Python’s sh allows more cool things such as non-blocking processes, baking, … not available in my PHP one’s, but at least I can call shell programs as functions in a simple way (and that’s was my scope). Let’s start.

One simple example of Process:

use Symfony\Component\Process\Process;

$process = new Process('-latr ~');

echo $process->getOutput();

With sh library we can do:

use Sh/Sh;

$sh  = new Sh();
echo $sh->ls('-latr ~');

You can check the source code in github, but it’s very simple one. Basically it’s a parser that creates the command line string, and another class that calls to the parser and sends the output to Process component. Whit the magic function __call we can use shell commands as functions.

The command’s arguments can be one string ‘-latr ~’ or one array [‘-latr’, ‘~’]. You can see more example in the unit tests here

Symfony/Process also allows us to get feedback in real time:

use Symfony\Component\Process\Process;

$process = new Process('ls -lsa');
$process->run(function ($type, $buffer) {
    if ('err' === $type) {
        echo 'ERR > '.$buffer;
    } else {
        echo 'OUT > '.$buffer;

Sh uses this feature, so we can do things like that:

$sh->tail('/var/log/messages', function ($buffer)  {
    echo $buffer;

We can see more examples here:

include __DIR__ . '/../vendor/autoload.php';
use Sh\Sh;

echo Sh::factory()->runCommnad('notify-send', ['-t', 5000, 'title', 'HOLA']);
$sh  = new Sh();
echo $sh->ifconfig("eth0");
echo $sh->ls('-latr ~');
echo $sh->ls(['-latr', '~']);
$sh->tail('-f /var/log/apache2/access.log', function ($buffer)  {
    echo $buffer;

As I said before the library is in github and also you can use with composer:

require: "gonzalo123/sh": "dev-master"


Now Sh library supports chained arguments (baking)

// chainable commands (baking)
$sh->ssh(array('', '-p' => 1393))->whoami();
// executes: ssh -p 1393 whoami

$sh->ssh(array('', '-p' => 1393))->tail(array("/var/log/dumb_daemon.log", 'n' => 100));
// executes: ssh -p 1393 tail /var/log/dumb_daemon.log -n 100

About Gonzalo Ayuso

Web Architect. PHP, Python, Node, Angular, ionic, PostgreSQL, Linux, ... Always learning.

Posted on November 19, 2012, in php, Symfony2, Technology and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink. 4 Comments.

  1. Thanks for sharing! This info was included into a digest of the best PHP news and releases: Check it out, I bet this digest is going to be interesting for you!

  1. Pingback: How to call shell programs as functions with PHP ← Bookmarks

  2. Pingback: PHP Digest: Simplified Password Hashing, Creation of PHP Framework Using Symfony2 Components, Xdebug Tutorial and Much More | Zfort Group Blog

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